The Africa Research Institute published on 1 July 2015 a study titled "Whose Land Is It Anyway? The Failure of Land Law Reform in Kenya" by Ambreena Manji, Cardiff Law School.
The author concludes that new laws have not been redistributive or transformative in a positive way. Longstanding grievances and injustices have not been addressed. Legislation has failed to curtail predatory bureaucracies which in turn have stymied reform through delaying tactics and sabotage. After adopting a progressive National Land Policy and new constitution, Kenya missed a real opportunity to enshrine in law its radical principles for land reform.