Friday, August 23, 2019

Who Owns Kenyan Kitenge Fabric: China or Kenya?

African Arguments published on 21 August 2019 an article titled "Can a Chinese Import Ever Be Authentically African?" by April Zhu.

Kitenge fabric is made in China, but sold, worn and inscribed with meaning in Kenya. Does kitenge, therefore, belong to China or Kenya?

Kenya, Corruption, and Terrorism

Brookings published on 22 August 2019 a commentary titled "Corruption and Terrorism: The Case of Kenya" by Narrelle Gilchrist and Norman Elsen.

The authors conclude that widespread corruption in Kenya has rendered US-funded counterterrorism efforts ineffective, and efforts to combat corruption repeatedly fail.

A Season of Hope in Sudan

The New York Times published on 22 August 2019 a commentary titled "A Season of Hope in Sudan" by Jamal Mahjoub, author.

The author argues that young Sudanese have an opportunity to seize the moment and transform the country.

Japan Is Taking on China in Africa

Foreign Policy published on 22 August 2019 an article titled "Japan Is Taking on China in Africa" by J. Berkshire Miller, Japan Institute of International Affairs.

In late August, Japan will host the Seventh Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) that will emphasize a more holistic partnership with Africa. This is Japan's response to China's engagement in Africa.

Thursday, August 22, 2019

China Cracks Down on Importation of Endangered Species

The Institute for Security Studies published on 19 August 2019 a commentary titled "China Is Proving Key To Reducing Africa's Wildlife Trafficking" by Duncan E. Omondi Gumba and Richard Chelin.

China's crackdown on the importation of ivory and processing of rhino horns has reduced the illegal trafficking from Africa. The problem has also moved increasingly from East and Southern Africa to West Africa.

Sudan: Regional Implications of New Regime

The Institute for Security Studies published on 20 August 2019 a report titled "Sudan after Bashir: Regional Opportunities and Challenges" by Andrews Atta-Asamoah and Omar S. Mahmood.

The report explains the regional implications of Omar al-Bashir's removal and the role of external actors in Sudan's internal affairs.

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Nurturing Sudan's Fledgling Power-sharing Accord

The International Crisis Group published on 20 August 2019 a commentary titled "Nurturing Sudan's Fledgling Power-sharing Accord."

Sudan's generals signed the power-sharing accord under pressure. All interested parties will need to remain vigilant lest they try to restore autocracy.

Friday, August 16, 2019

Japan Competes with China in Africa

Nikkei Asian Review published on 12 August 2019 an article titled "Japan Extends Loans and Scholarships in Tug of War over Africa" by Hisao Kodachi and Koya Jibiki.

Japan will provide almost $3 billion in loans and scholarships to Africa in effort to step up competition with China.

Thursday, August 15, 2019

China-Africa Relations - A Bibliography

This is my bibliography of China-Africa material updated as of 15 August 2019. It now contains 287 pages.

Wednesday, August 14, 2019

China Makes Inroads in Africa's Media Markets

Foreign Policy posted on 13 August 2019 an article titled "In Africa, China Is the News" by Aubrey Hruby, Atlantic Council.

The article summarizes the dramatic expansion of Chinese companies in Africa's cell phone, television, and print media markets. It is also training African journalists.

Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Eritrea: Is Anything Really Changing?

African Arguments published on 13 August 2019 a commentary titled "Eritrea: Is Political Change Really on the Horizon?" by Valerie Frank, academic researcher.

The author argues that Eritrea may have lost the excuse of Ethiopian hostility and UN sanctions to defend its actions, but it has seamlessly inserted new reasons to justify its repression and the population's ongoing hardship.

Monday, August 12, 2019

China Facing Debt Forgiveness in Africa

The South China Morning Post published on 11 August 2019 an article titled "Lender's Remorse? China Finds Africa Projects Require a Growing Wave of Debt Forgiveness" by Jevans Nyabiage.

The author makes the case that China, perhaps yielding to growing criticism over its lending practices in Africa, is writing off or restructuring debt for an increasing number of African countries in financial distress.

Friday, August 9, 2019

Taking Account of Past in Ethiopia-Eritrea Rapprochement

Ethiopia Insight published on 7 August 2019 a commentary titled "Ethiopia and Eritrea's Peace Must Be Rooted in Past" by Samuel Fikreselassie, Goethe University in Germany.

The author argues that a major challenge for long-term reconciliation between Ethiopia and Eritrea is to deal with historical issues and promote genuine peace between people with deep grievances and misperceptions.

Sharp Increase in Air Travel between Africa and China

Quartz Africa posted on 28 July 2019 an article titled "Air Traffic between China and Africa Has Jumped 630% in the Last Decade" by Youyou Zhou.

On an average day, eight direct flights operate between China and countries in Africa. In 2010, airlines averaged less than one flight a day. The airline fleets operating between China and Africa are capable of carrying about 850,000 passengers annually. Ethiopian Airlines operates almost half of the 2,616 annual flights.

Kenya and Somalia Maritime Dispute

Ventures Africa posted on 8 August 2019 an article titled "Kenya Is Employing Diplomatic Strategy in Maritime Dispute with Somalia" by Ajifowoke Michael Gbenga.

Kenya and Somalia are waiting for the commencement of hearings on 19 September concerning the Indian Ocean maritime border case filed by Somalia at the International Court of Justice. In the meantime, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has embarked on a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa, Europe and the Middle East to drum up support for Kenya's position in the dispute.

Targeted US Sanctions against South Sudanese

The Sentry, which is affiliated with the Enough Project, published in August 2019 a report titled "Consequences for Kleptocrats: Financial Pressures to Support Peace in South Sudan" by Joshua White.

The author argues that sanctions by the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control against three individuals engaged in bribery and corruption in South Sudan is an effective way to encourage peace in the country. Going after the business holdings of the individuals being sanctioned is especially important.

Thursday, August 8, 2019

Sudan Needs Women at the Negotiating Table

The Institute for Security Studies published on 6 August 2019 a commentary titled "Sudan Needs Women at Its Negotiating Table" by Liezelle Kumalo and Cassie Roddy-Mullineaux.

Sudanese women played a major role in the pro-democracy movement that set Sudan on a possible path to a democratic transition. The authors argue that women should now be included in the negotiating process.

Wednesday, August 7, 2019

Sudan: Role of Foreign Powers

World Politics Review published on 6 August 2019 an analysis titled "From the Gulf to Egypt, Foreign Powers Are Playing with Fire in Sudan" by Richard Downie, Center for Strategic and International Studies.

The author concludes that foreign powers should recognize that their attempts to promote a stable future in Sudan could instead help tip the country into civil war.

Tuesday, August 6, 2019

China Trains Rwandan Troops

The South China Morning Post published on 7 July 2019 an article titled "Rwandan Troops Trained by Chinese Military Mark 25th Anniversary of Liberation" by Sarah Zheng.

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) trained about 2000 Rwandan troops in Rwanda earlier this year. The PLA is stepping up its training activities in Africa.

China, Rwanda, Debt, and Development

The Atlantic published on 3 August 2019 an article titled "China's Investment in Rwanda Raises Familiar Questions about Debt" by Stephen Paduano, London School of Economics.

The article describes a mixed picture of Chinese engagement in Rwanda but concludes that the United States and its Prosper Africa program is not doing much to respond to China.

Monday, August 5, 2019

Africa Eases Visa Requirement for Chinese Nationals

The Migration Policy Institute posted on 1 August 2019 an analysis titled "African Countries Relax Short-Term Visa Policies for China in Sign of Increased Openness to China" by Loksan Harley.

Chinese nationals can now arrive in 27 African countries without previously applying for a visa, although many countries limit the Chinese visitors to tourism and exclude employment. There is a general trend of relaxing visa requirements across Africa for Chinese nationals.

US Ethiopia Relations from Roosevelt to Trump

The International Journal of Ethiopian Studies has just released its 2018 special edition, which contains my article titled "US Ethiopian Relations from Roosevelt to Trump." It is a survey of the evolving relationship between the US and Ethiopia from World War II until 2018.

Saturday, August 3, 2019

Kenya and South Africa Opt for Huawei's 5G Technology

The South China Morning Post published on 25 July 2019 an article titled "Kenya Says It Supports Chinese Tech Giant Huawei Regardless of US Policy" by Jevans Nyabiage.

Kenya and South Africa have selected Huawei's 5G technology in spite of US security concerns about possible cyber security implications.

Afro-Chinese Identity Issues

The Diplomat published on 31 July 2019 a commentary titled "The Evolution of Afro-Chinese Identity" by Layne Vandenberg.

The growing Chinese diaspora in Africa and African diaspora in China is resulting in larger numbers of Afro-Chinese children. China does not recognize dual citizenship, forcing Afro-Chinese parents to make hard choices.

How Long Will Gulf States Support Sudan Financially?

African Arguments posted on 1 August 2019 a commentary titled "Cash and Contradictions: On the Limits of Middle Eastern Influence in Sudan" by Alex de Waal.

Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates continue to support Sudan's Transitional Military Council financially but the amounts required could exceed their willingness to continue the funding.