Saferworld, a UK non-governmental organization that works to prevent violent conflict and promote security and justice, together with the Africa Peace Forum brought together 23 experts in January 2012 to deliberate on how China can best contribute to international efforts to support long-term peace and security in the Horn of Africa.
Saferworld published its findings titled Tackling Insecurity in the Horn of Africa: China's Role as a seminar report. It came up with four policy recommendations for the government of China:
(1) enhance efforts to work through existing regional organizations, mechanisms and initiatives;
(2) assist with the creation of an effective security sector in Somalia;
(3) provide development assistance to South Sudan that is coordinated and conflict sensitive; and
(4) proactively build confidence between Khartoum and Juba.
The report is available in both English and Chinese.