The Juba-based Sudd Institute published a report on 12 January 2013 by Jok Madut Jok titled Mapping the Sources of Conflict and Insecurity in South Sudan. The report reached the following conclusions:
--Ethnic violence continues to plague rural communities across South Sudan.
--This violence, combined with rising urban crime, the actions of security forces, the targeting of foreign laborers, and the weakness of the justice system, means that South Sudan is a society living in fear.
--In the eyes of many South Sudanese, the state has consistently appeared weak or complacent in the face of these complex security challenges.
--In the absence of functioning law enforcement and judiciary systems to address the insecurity and violence in urban centers, the country is left in a climate of accusations and rumors.
--Many South Sudanese say all they have experienced so far is increased violence and disappointment.