The Washington-based Woodrow Wilson Center published on 17 November 2014 a commentary titled "Military Integration after Civil Wars: Any Lessons for Somalia?" by Paul Williams, George Washington University.
Williams draws on information from a new book edited by Roy Licklider titled New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars. The book provides eleven case studies: Sudan, Zimbabwe, Lebanon, Rwanda, Philippines, South Africa, DRC, Mozambique, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sierra Leone, and Burundi. Based on the research in the Licklider book, Williams asks if it has lessons for the situation in Somalia.