The Massachusetts Institute of Technology recently published a study titled "The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam: An Opportunity for Collaboration and Shared Benefits in the Eastern Nile Basin" by 17 scientists known as the International, Non-partisan Eastern Nile Working Group.
The study supported Ethiopia's right to develop its water resources for the well-being of the Ethiopian people, and argued that water storage facilities on the Blue Nile are economically and financially attractive investments. However, in order to maximize mutual gains of the GERD and other future reservoir developments, four principal issues must be addressed:
1. Need for an agreement on the coordinated operation of the GERD with the Aswan High Dam.
2. Technical issues regarding design of the GERD.
3. Need for an agreement on the sale of hydropower from the GERD.
4. Potential downstream impacts on Egyptian and Sudanese agriculture.