The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) published in April 2015 a report titled "Responses to Insecurity in Kenya: Too much, Too Little, Too Late?" by Andrews Atta-Asamoah, ISS Pretoria.
Many of the threats to Kenya's security come from criminal groups and armed civilians operating as bandits. However, since Kenya deployed troops in Somalia to combat incursions by armed groups from that country, chiefly al-Shabaab, attacks on soft civilian targets have increased significantly. The Kenyan government has announced several initiatives to counter the growing security threats, but none of them has yet been put fully into practice. This report examines the nature and potential effects of these initiatives.