The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) published on 8 February 2016 a commentary titled "Beyond Piracy: What Next for African Maritime Security?" by Timothy Walker, ISS researcher.
Walker points out that last year there were very few acts of piracy in the western Indian Ocean and off the coast of Somalia. The continuing efforts to end Somali piracy are now seen as costly and unjustified. He asks what should be the focus of African maritime security and what is the role of foreign bases and naval support facilities such as the most recent one being built by China in Djibouti.