The UK International Institute for Environment and Development published in January 2017 a study titled "Chinese Agriculture in Africa: Perspectives of Chinese Agronomists on Agricultural Aid" by Lila Buckley, Chen Ruijian, Yin Yanfei, and Zhu Zidong.
The study presents the views of more than 160 Chinese agronomists who have spent time implementing agricultural aid projects in Africa. Technologies that have worked well in China may not offer the same benefits when transferred to Africa. The local contexts in African countries provide a continuous challenge to even simple technology transfer models. Often the effectiveness of aid depends on the resourcefulness of aid experts and staff on the ground.