Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Somalia and Somaliland

Abukar Arman, Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) special envoy to the United States, posted a provocative commentary on 13 June 2012 titled Sustainable Peace: Why Somaliland Matters.

His basic argument is that there is now more discussion, at least in the Somali diaspora, among Somalis from both Somalia and Somaliland about ways "to end the status quo and settle our differences." He added that there is even a growing willingness by cultural elders and clan leaders in Somaliland to break ranks with the official secessionist position. He remains critical of Ethiopian motives in the region and the U.S. dual track policy towards Somalia. His piece should keep the debate alive.

Click here to read the commentary.


  1. According to the many international and local experts on Somalia/Somaliland politics knows the nomination of Abukar Arman, as to be Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) special envoy to the United States, was materialized through corruption.

    Secondly, his offensive commentary against the sovereignty of Somaliland which he posted on 13 June 2012 titled Sustainable Peace: Why Somaliland Matters is prove his ignorance towards the failed and non exist country which he represent as special envoy in the United State.

    I just would like to put his attention that the international community knows more then what he knows in Somalia and Somaliland political realities, and decided to see Somalia and Somaliland at different eyes: over 55 world leaders together with Secretary-General of the United Nations has jointly understand that whit out solving the problems between Somalia and Somaliland would not be possible to solve dramatic issues of the former failed State of Somalia than over 53 world top leaders decided to add the final communiqué of Somali London Conference in the following important article of 6:

    6. The Conference recognised the need for the international community to support any dialogue that Somaliland and the TFG or its replacement may agree to establish in order to clarify their future relations.

    Any intellectual person who graduated even a secondary school can’t thought that Ethiopian government has drafted the article 6 of final communiqué of Somali London Conference and it has press on the world leaders who attended the Somali London conference to accept. If the writer of commentary article of Sustainable Peace: Why Somaliland Matters thinks that Ethiopian government has used the world leaders to inforce it hidden agenda your are nothing

  2. Somaliland is a model democracy and unfortunately citizens of the south and wider Somalia still believe that Somaliland is a region under their jurisdiction, however Somaliland's citizens have decided through their commitment to grassroots state building and democratic representation to pledge allegiance to their cause. Indeed the author Mr Amran alludes to Somaliland being a one clan establishment which is inaccurate considering that the longest serving Somaliland president was himself from a minority clan. Somaliland offers a viable model and a success story in a troubled part of the world, therefore we should strive to support it. Instead of trying to create controversy and trying to demonize Somaliland the author would be best served trying to find ways to copy the Somaliland model in Somalia. Indeed Somaliland is one of the few African states that have a genuinely democratic elected government.

  3. Mohamed Duale

    Firstly, I have to commend you on the rational and reasoned tone of your piece” Sustainable peace: why Somaliland matters”. However, I regret to say that some of your arguments are not only facile but actually devoid any merit. Although my country men have eloquently highlighted in their comments the important issues which you have ignored in your piece. Nevertheless, I would like to emphasize several important Points.

    1. Somaliland was refused to read the already drafted constitution and even make marginal proposals to it, and every prior agreement for merging the two countries was broken. Even the our version of the act of union, which we have passed in the "Somaliland State's Legislative Council(LegCo) in Hargeisa", was casually thrown away and a truncated version of only three(3) articles solely devised at the behest and for the benefit of the UN trust Territories of Somalia was passed in the National Assembly of the State of Somalia in Mogadishu. A pertinent fact which lawyers believe to this day completely invalidates the said union between the two states from the perspective of legal stand-point.
    2. The simple fact is that the people of SL are adamantly opposed to surrendering their sovereignty and they have no wish to be co-opted to rejoin the anarchy and misery prevalent in Somalia. The people of SL have deep empathy for the plight of their brothers to the south and they are ready and willing to assist in any genuine effort to find a solution to the crisis in Somalia. The fact that SL has welcomed, and continues to welcome, hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing the madness in their country is a clear testament of this empathy, even though the same international, humanitarian aid community, which conspires with the kleprocrats in Mogadishu to fleece the aid monies provided by international donors, categorises these refugees as IDPs
    3. Article 1 of the SL Constitution states:
    The country which gained its independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 26th June 1960 and was known as the Somaliland Protectorate and which joined Somalia on 1st July 1960 so as to form the Somali Republic and then regained its independence by the Declaration of the Conference of the Somaliland communities held in Burao between 27th April 1991 and 15th May 1991 shall hereby and in accordance with this Constitution become a sovereign and independent country known as "The Republic of Somaliland". While Article 2 states: Sovereignty resides in the people who shall exercise it in accordance with the Constitution and other laws.
    4. Therefore, Mr. Silanyo is not in a position to further the agenda of Somaliweyn, he is in fact required by the law of the land to actively and forcefully oppose it on pain of impeachment. Further, the near unanimous public antipathy in SL to any form of political union with Somalia would result in open revolt and widespread civil unrest in the country, should the Silanyo government be perceived as entertaining or supporting such a proposal.
    5. What is required from Somali Politicians, Academics is to work out lasting solution for their problems which is really addressing the underlying causes of their conflict. Somalis have to reconcile themselves by addressing hostilities and blood claims of the different communities, both inter-clan and intra clan. They have to acknowledge western policy failure in reconciling their differences.

  4. Historical British Somaliland borders through which Hargeisa admintration seeks international legitamacy represent distinct and exclusive clan territories. It is no secrect that Non-Isaaq communities admantly oppose the unilateral secession by the Isaaqs. The Dhulbahate, Gadabursi and Warsangli want no part in the dismemberment of the Somali nation for one good reason. It is because it just does not make sense economically, socially and politically. Let it be known if the Somali nation is divisible, so is Somaliland. Somalis are clans and clans are little Republics which abhor being dominated by another clan. The Isaaq don't want a union with the south for fear of becoming a minority clan compared with larger Hawiye and Darod clans. Therefore the Isaaqs are pushing the concept of secession, not beacuse they are more democraticly oriented but simply to create a political domain of its own, centered in its clan heartland, for and by the Isaaqs. The simple truth - present day Somaliland is clan fox hole. Fortunately, the international community is coming to terms with this reality as three new clan based administration emerge in the former British Protectrate, namely Khaatumo and Maakhir in the East and Awdal in the West. Somaliland admistration is now confined to Hargeisa and Burao.

    1. People of Khaatumo, Maakhir and Awdal have made their voices clear that their aliegience lies to one strong and united Somali Republic at peace with itself and its neighbors. The freedom loving people everywhere must respect the wishes of the people these regions. Somali people must harness their strength through unity. Those who attempt mislead the world into thinking majority of Northerns are pro secession should see the larger picture and stop blurred vision of dividing nephews, cousins, uncles, aunts. Unity and Love.

  5. Please don't get wrong Mr. Imran, he is typical Southern Somali politician who sees everything through the eyes of subjective and self-centered analysis of Somali proplem
    I would ask just ONE question all of them and those few diaspora unionists hailing from Somaliland.
    1. Had Somaliland genuine elders from all Somaliland communities and regions signed and declared Somaliland's independence in Burao in 18. May 1991?
    2. Had Somaliland genuine elders from all Somaliland communities and regions reaffirmed that decision and also signed National Charter in Borama in May 1993
    3. Did Somaliland people approve a constitution through reverendum with 97% in October 2000?
    4. Has Somaliland a democratically elected institutions including Parliament, Presedent and local councils with legitimate and offial political parties who represent Somaliland?
    THEY WILL TELL YOU NO, NO, NO. All these legitimate and genuine grassroots level realities do not make sense for them! Asurdly, they will tell you that TFG which impregrated in Eldoret, the so called constitution, roadmap are all legal and real! There, I think is where the problem is. If somebody does not call you who you are, then you deny him or her!
    For me all these articles like this one represent falacies and will not serve the good outcome of genuine discussions.

  6. Interesting article in response to Mr. Arman's commnents

  7. It is a well written article and misleading at the same time.

    Here are some old articles about the legal grounds for the Somaliland case: