The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) published in November 2012 an extensive analysis titled "Traditional Authorities' Peacemaking Role in Darfur." The authors are Jerome Tubiana, Victor Tanner and Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil.
The study argues that Native Administration in Darfur has been compromised, disempowered and delegitimized. The war has made it hard for traditional mechanisms to resolve disputes across tribal lines. On the other hand, traditional justice mechanisms are evolving rather than disappearing. They still have a role to play and the chief element in acknowledging responsibility is collective payment of compensation.
Click here to read the study.