The International Crisis Group (ICG) released on 29 November 2012 a report titled "Sudan: Major Reform or More War."
It concluded that the government in Khartoum is in crisis, faced with multiple challenges that, combined, profoundly threaten its existence and Sudan's stability.
ICG argued that the international community should learn the lessons of past failed settlement initiatives. Sudan needs a truly comprehensive peace agreement, not a partial settlement that serves the government's divide-and-rule tactics and perpetuates the unacceptable status quo. ICG wisely added that the National Congress Party (NCP) needs to be part of the transition.
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