Christine Hackenesch, research fellow at the German Development Institute, published an article in the first issue for 2013 of the Journal of Current Chinese Affairs titled "Aid Donor Meets Strategic Partner? The European Union's and China's Relations with Ethiopia."
Using Ethiopia as a case study, the paper assesses the "competitive pressure" that China's growing presence in Africa exerts on the European Union's development policy. The study draws on interviews conducted in China, Ethiopia and Europe between 2008 and 2011.
The author concludes that the European Union engages Ethiopia as an aid recipient, whereas China has developed a comprehensive political and economic partnership.