The China Brief published on 9 January 2015 an analysis titled "Maritime Insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea: A Greater Role for China?" by Hang Zhou and Katharina Seibel.
In 2012, attacks on ships off the Gulf of Guinea for the first time exceeded the number of attacks by Somali pirates in the Gulf of Aden. A couple of Chinese vessels and additional Chinese nationals on vessels from other countries have been subject to attack. Except for the sale of coastal patrol boats to countries in and near the Gulf of Guinea, China has not been especially active compared to the US and European Union in trying to stem the problem. The authors wonder if the time has come for China to become more engaged in countering piracy in the Gulf of Guinea.