The China Africa Research Initiative (CARI) at Johns Hopkins University published in July 2016 a policy brief titled "Technology Transfer in Telecommunications: Barriers and Opportunities in the Case of Huawei and ZTE in South Africa" by June Sun, a graduate student at the Oxford Department of International Development. The paper discusses the pros and cons of Huawei and ZTE in South Africa and notes they are fiercely competitive in this market.
CARI published a second policy brief in July 2016 titled "Do Huawei's Training Programs and Centers Transfer Skills to Africa?" by Benjamin Tsui, a graduate student at Johns Hopkins University. While Huawei has training centers in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, the DRC, Angola, and Morocco, the author leaves open the question as to their effectiveness.