The second study is titled "Russia as a Humanitarian Aid Donor" published by Oxfam UK. The authors are Anna Brezhneva and Daria Ukhova. Humanitarian aid includes emergency response activities such as material relief, food aid, and support services, incorporating related logistics, distribution, and coordination, but not extended to humanitarian action implying deeper involvement such as reconstruction, disaster, prevention and preparedness.
The paper examines Russia's institutional arrangements for humanitarian aid provision; the types and volumes of aid sent; the recipients of this aid; the differences and similarities between Russia and the other members of the two main global donor groups -- the G8 and the BRICS countries; and the Russian government's and public's perceptions of the country's role as a donor. Russia has been a modest provider of humanitarian aid, providing about $196 million from 2007 until 2013. Only about 20 percent of this aid has gone to Africa.