Globalization and Health published on 3 December 2016 an article titled "China's Health Assistance to Africa: Opportunism or Altruism?" by Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman, and Wafaa M. El-Sadr.
The article concluded that after many decades of Chinese health assistance to African countries, there is a paucity of information regarding its scale, scope and impact. A key limitation of China's health aid approach is the absence of a cohesive approach and a coherent strategy of China's health diplomacy. Funding from Columbia University supported this study.