Saturday, June 20, 2015

Foreign Direct Investment in Africa 2015

Ernst and Young just published its Attractiveness Survey Africa 2015: Making Choices.  It contains a wealth of current information, primarily on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Africa.

In 2014, the number of new FDI projects in Africa fell 8.4 percent but remained well above 2008 levels.  Capital investment in Africa, however, surged to $128 billion, up 136 percent over 2013.  FDI investors returned enthusiastically to Egypt and Morocco and increased their projects in Ethiopia and Mozambique.  There were fewer projects in South Africa, Angola, Nigeria, Ghana, and Kenya.

There was a slight drop in the attractiveness of Africa for investment as a region.  Africa dropped from 2nd to 4th place in regional rankings after Oceania, North America, and Asia.  FDI in Africa has grown five fold since 2000 and is forecast to overtake  official development assistance (ODA) in 2015.  FDI is projected to reach just over $55 billion compared to just under $55 billion for ODA.  Portfolio investment is predicted to grow to $18 billion and remittances an astounding $65 billion.

Collectively, European investors began by far the largest number of FDI projects in Africa in 2014.  The United States was the largest single country investor, launching 101 FDI projects or almost 14 percent of all projects in Africa.  The UK and South Africa tied for second, the UAE was fourth, France fifth, and Germany sixth.  Although Chinese investment soared in 2014, it was only number 7 with the launching of 32 FDI projects valued at $6.1 billion and 4.4 percent of the total number of new projects.

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