The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) published on 31 August 2016 a commentary titled "China and Japan: Walking in Each Other's Footsteps" by Peter Fabricius, ISS consultant.
Following China's FOCAC meeting in South Africa last December, Japan held its TICAD summit with African leaders in Kenya in August. The author concludes that Japan has fallen behind China in the new scramble for Africa. Japan is playing catch-up and has moved its TICAD summits from a five-year to a three-year cycle, following China's example. All of this competition is, however, good for Africa.