Thursday, January 26, 2023

Africa and the Human Freedom Index

The US-based CATO Institute and Canada-based Fraser Institute just published the "Human Freedom Index 2022: A Global Measurement of Personal, Civil, and Economic Freedom" by Ian Vasquez, Fred McMahon, Ryan Murphy, and Guillermina Sutter Schneider.   

The Human Freedom Index uses 83 indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: 

--Rule of law

--Security and safety



--Association, assembly and civil society

--Expression and information


--Size of government

--Legal system and property rights

--Sound money

--Freedom to trade internationally


The Index looked at 165 geographical jurisdictions using data for 2020, the most recent year for which sufficient data are available.  Human freedom deteriorated severely in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.  

The five African countries with the best Human Freedom Index were Cape Verde (29), Seychelles (44). Mauritius (50), Namibia (58), and Botswana (61). 

The five African countries with the worst Human Freedom Index were Egypt (161), Sudan (160), Somalia (158), Burundi (156), and Libya (155).